puppy health problems

How to deal with puppy health problems

When you adopt a dog you really want to on top of your puppy health problems. In good health, your puppy overflows with joy and vitality: he plays, runs, solicits you and searches for moments of cuddling. These are so many favorable moments to monitor his state of health!


The elimination of antibodies transmitted by breast milk takes 8 to 12 weeks. It is a period when there is an immune hole because possible vaccinations do not have a full effect. The effect is not always maximal because the antigens introduced by the vaccine are more or less inactivated by the antibodies already received by the mother.

However, today’s vaccines are sophisticated enough to allow the puppy to get out. Of course, avoid large gatherings, such as exhibitions. There are many other places where your new pet can meet properly vaccinated adult peers. Observe the instructions of your veterinarian regarding compliance with deadlines and legislation.

puppy health disorders


The presence of internal parasites (roundworms or tapeworms mainly) poses 2 problems. It is the pledge of spoliation of the nutrients ingested by the worms which logically leads to deficiencies and stunted growth. It is also a possible source of contamination for humans, children especially on the beach or in sandboxes! …

Deworming should be done systematically before any vaccination (15 days before), in case of persistent diarrhea or if you see of course grains of rice (tapeworm rings) or worms in the stool of your puppy. Also be careful if the puppy is very ballooned or grates the hindquarters on the ground.

Deworming should ideally take place every 2 weeks until the age of 12 weeks, then every 2 months until the age of one year. During the 3 or 4 days following deworming, it is interesting to collect the stools and destroy them (to avoid re-contamination).

puppies having fun

External parasites

Fleas are rife from spring until the end of September. In many cases, they come from cats or from old parquet floors, baseboards, niches, blankets in which the eggs are just waiting to hatch. Ticks are redoubled in spring and autumn in rather humid herbaceous areas.

You should seek advice from your veterinarian to choose the best treatment in terms of efficacy and risk because puppies are sensitive to certain products.

Today, there are specialties whose safety has been proven on young animals. You must monitor your puppy’s coat each time he returns from a walk to remove ticks and treat the environment if he is infested with fleas.

Ringworms are very common and very contagious in puppies. Any depilation in the shape of a coin and growing larger, accompanied by greyish scales and a raised red ring at the periphery must lead to treatment quickly, before dissemination. Note that ringworms do not itch.

Demodicosis takes the same form. The depilations are however localized near wet areas: around the eyes (“glasses”) and ends of the legs. In both cases, the veterinarian must judge the intensity of the symptoms and the risk of complications in order to prescribe the best treatment protocol.

puppy health problems
Fear and stress create puppy health problems

If your puppy barks, destroys objects, and poops everywhere when you are away, he may be suffering from separation anxiety. He did not manage to make or complete, with you, the detachment which he had started with his mother.

Puppies who have only lived in their kennel box or who have not had the opportunity to interact with other dogs, people other than their trainer, or even to experience new noises and situations are deprived of sensory experience. They can prostrate themselves in their new home and run away from you.

Before this takes on very embarrassing and costly proportions, you must consult your veterinarian to give him the appropriate treatment and allow you to take control of the situation.

Dentition health

The dentition of milk which appears only from the 20th day, is complete by the 5th / 6th week. At the start of growth, the puppy only has 32 teeth, without molars or premolars. The first molars erupt around 4 months. All other baby teeth are replaced between the 3rd and 5th month. The molars finally appear between 5 and 7 months.

At 8 months, the mouth is said to be made with 42 teeth. On each side, you will notice 2 much larger specimens which are the predators: at the top, it is the 4th premolar and at the bottom the first molar. They are used to break and grind.

Between the 2 generations of teeth, their volume increases significantly. The appearance of deposits of khaki-colored tartar leads to bad breath and gingivitis, then dental loosening. The accumulation of tartar can only be removed by a scaling under anesthesia made by your veterinarian.

puppies health issues

Contraception and puberty

A male is sexually active between 6 and 8 months old. The females of small race are pubescent around 6 months, those of large race rather around the age of 12 months, up to 24 for certain giant races. It may be advisable to let the dog have its first heat in order to allow the development of the reproductive system to end.

The first contraception must be done 4 to 6 months after these first heats. The method will be determined with your veterinarian, for example at the time of vaccinations, according to your lifestyle, your expectations, the breed, etc.


The puppy explores and it is normal: however this natural curiosity linked to the lack of experience can lead him to be tempted by various cleaning or gardening products: antifreeze, rat poisons and mites, slug killers are put away.

A pug dog sneezing a lot is a common symptom of exposure to mites.

It is advisable to be vigilant if you must use it when your puppy puts his truffle everywhere! Also be careful with the ingestion of plants! Such as yucca, acinthe, chrysanthemum, dieffenbachia, mistletoe, tulip.

funny puppy photo

When to consult your veterinarian for puppy health problems?

During any depression, any diarrhea or loss of appetite that persists beyond 2 or 3 days, any hot nose, viscous discharge or purifying nostrils or eyes. Do not attempt any self-medication or supplementation: if the active ingredients are sometimes the same, the effective or toxic doses are very often very different between human specialties and veterinary specialties. You can do much more harm than good!

The drugs given by your attending veterinarian are often given mixed with a mash ball.

Finally, here’s the perfect checklist to take good care of your puppy!

  • 2 bowls
  • Toys
  • A leash and a collar
  • A brush
  • Cotton, shampoo, saline
  • A chew bone
  • Its health book
  • Insurance contract if applicable
  • Its pest control products selected with your veterinarian
  • Puppy food … of course!
do puppies sleep a lot

Do puppies sleep a lot? Resting and sleeping periods of a young dog

The arrival of a new dog in the home is always special, regardless of the age of the dog. However, it is true that it seems more special when it is a few month old puppy. In this article, we will answer the question “Do puppies sleep a lot?”, as well as many other questions on resting and sleeping periods of a young puppy.

Caring for the puppy is very important as well as monitoring his behavior and health, in order to be able to detect any abnormality as soon as possible and treat any conditions as quickly as possible. This will promote healthy development.

do puppies sleep a lot


Do puppies sleep a lot?

If you watch your puppy closely, you will notice that he spends a lot of time sleeping. Don’t be worries, we will explain the reasons behind a puppy’s long periods of sleep.

It’s quite normal to ask yourself questions when welcoming a puppy into your home. As we have already explained, during the first months of his life, observation is as important as love or food. This will allow you to detect any signal that tells you something is wrong.

Phases of a puppy’s sleep

Therefore, before evaluating whether the puppy’s sleep duration is adequate, it is important to know what are the different phases of sleep in order to prevent any disorder in this cycle.

Phases of a puppy's sleep

Did you know that the phases of a dog’s sleep are not very different from the phases of human sleep? Let’s see what they are:


This is the first step and corresponds to the transition from the waking state to the sleeping state. This barely lasts a few minutes and the puppy can respond to external stimuli.

Does sleep duration vary with dog breed

Light sleep

In this phase it starts to be more difficult for the puppy to wake up unexpectedly. However, the brain can still have punctual physical reactions. Initial physiological changes are observed and the heart rate decreases.

Deep sleep

This phase lasts about 20 minutes and is characterized by ample brain waves as well as a slow breathing rate. During this phase dreams do not occur yet.

REM phase

This is the phase of rapid eye movement. It is characterized by very high brain activity produced by dreams. In this phase you can observe that your puppy moves its legs or ears.

How much sleep does a puppy need?

If your puppy is sleeping a lot, it is normal for you to be concerned, but it is something natural and does not indicate any abnormalities in your dog.

How long does a puppy sleep under normal conditions? Until the age of 12 weeks, a puppy can sleep between 18 and 20 hours a day! His organism is in full maturity. It is for this reason that both nutrition and rest will be fundamental pillars for the start of a healthy life.

How much sleep does a puppy need

You have to take into account that everything is new to a puppy. Incorporating all the information that comes from the new environment is very tiring. On the other hand, past the first 12 weeks of life, the puppy will gradually start to become active for a longer period of time because new activities (both physical and mental) will be incorporated into his routine.

Do puppies sleep a lot? Should I wake him up?

Puppies are very cute and welcoming them with a lot of love is very important. However, even if you feel like pampering, kissing, and hugging him all the time, remember that a puppy is a living being with multiple needs. He is not a toy that you can play with at will.

Never interrupt your puppy’s sleeping hours! This could be counterproductive to a good development of his organism which needs a lot of energy to go through the process of maturation of the organs and systems.

You will gradually observe how, from the age of 3 months, your puppy will start to be more awake. He will start to have more energy and you can gradually introduce him to some activities. Be careful, do not rush the process, you must respect the development of the puppy.

Is it good for my puppy to sleep with me

Questions and answers

Is it good for my puppy to sleep with me?

Many people decide to sleep with their dog. There is nothing wrong with that, but, once they have all their vaccines up to date and can go outdoors, you will need to brush and wash him regularly, as well as deworm it.

Is it normal for my dog to sleep a lot and eat very little?

While it is normal for small puppies to eat little, which means that you have to allocate their daily food ration over several meals daily, it is not a problem as long as he they eat the recommended daily calories. If in doubt, it is advisable to go to the vet and validate the puppy’s food intake.

Is it usual for my puppy to wake up often while sleeping

Is it usual for my puppy to wake up often while sleeping?

Much like human babies, puppies are disturbed when their teeth start growing. It is also for this reason that they bite a lot. It is important to offer them toys as well as to reinforce and reward good behavior. But expect their sleep to be somewhat disturbed at times.

Do puppies sleep a lot?

Does sleep duration vary with breed?

While puppies need a lot of sleep, their sleeping needs will evolve and can vary depending on the specific breed. It’s important to understand the development phases of your dog and how each one will impact his sleeping, nutrition and physical and mental activity needs.

Finally, to learn more on the question “Do puppies sleep a lot?”, check the following videos

good health of your baby dog

Common puppy health problems: prevention is key!

The health of the puppy has a direct impact on its behavior. This is why, even before his education, you need to be cognisant of common puppy health problems. The good health of your baby dog is a fundamental element for his well-being (and yours as well). The following puppy health tips and advice will give you an excellent head start.

Some breeds have predispositions for kidney and liver disease so let’s discuss these conditions to start with.

Signs of Liver Disease

If your puppy loses his appetite, vomits often, has diarrhea, shows a belly protrusion and light gray stools, consult for a liver problem.

Signs of Puppy Kidney Disease

If your puppy is losing weight, vomiting often, drinking a lot more than usual, and losing strength, then you need to see a vet for a kidney problem.

You will understand that there are many signs in your puppy’s behavior or attitude that can help you identify orthopedic or congenital problems. It is important to detect them as soon as possible in order to increase the chances of success of the treatment or the operation and to save on veterinary expenses. You can ask your veterinarian to perform these tests during a punctual or scheduled visit. If necessary, your veterinarian will ask you to carry out additional examinations on your puppy. Blood tests can also help find birth problems.

common puppy health problems


What are the common puppy health problems?

Just like in humans, there are a multitude of diseases that your puppy can develop. Knowing the main ones can help you diagnose them and thus react in the right way when faced with them. Of course, the diagnosis must always be validated by your veterinarian.

Infectious diseases in puppies

Like you, your puppy can unfortunately be infected with bacteria or viruses. Most of these diseases are serious and require a consultation with the veterinarian as soon as possible to confirm the diagnosis and implement the appropriate treatment.

Kennel cough

Particularly affecting young dogs living in communities (shelters & breeding grounds), kennel cough or infectious tracheobronchitis is a disease of the respiratory tract caused by the association of several bacteriological and viral agents.

The symptoms of kennel cough are a dry, strong cough, as if the dog is trying to spit something out. Fever, conjunctivitis, and secretions from the nose and eyes also appear. The disease can escalate into bronchopneumonia, which can be fatal in puppies.

Vaccination from 6 weeks will allow your companion to lower the chances of contracting this disease.


Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease caused by Leptospira, a bacterium found in standing water and infected soils. Your dog can get it through the skin by bathing in a puddle or orally by drinking from a puddle. It is transmissible to humans by simple skin contact. It is therefore important to pay attention to hygiene if your puppy has leptospirosis.

Infectious diseases in puppies

This bacterial disease can present itself in several forms:

The jaundice-hemorrhagic form

The dog presents yellow mucous membranes (jaundice), acute renal failure and blood clotting disorders. Death can occur in 3 to 6 days.

The nephretic form

The dog has acute renal failure which occurs more or less quickly. The dog first drinks a lot and then urinates less and less. In its acute form, high fever (39.5-40 °C), severe depression, anorexia and vomiting occur in addition to severe dehydration. Death occurs within 15 days.

The form of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis

The dog is vomiting with blood and his stools are black because they contain digested blood.

The form of acute renal failure (with urea crisis)

The dog urinates very little or at all. Death occurs within 48 hours after a phase of hypothermia (a very low body temperature) and coma.

Antibiotic treatment should be considered as soon as possible, along with treatment for kidney failure if necessary. As this disease is very serious with a high mortality rate, it is important to take preventive measures and not hesitate to take out health insurance for your puppy. The best part is the vaccination which allows your puppy to be protected against the two most common varieties of bacteria that infect dogs. This vaccination is carried out in 2 injections separated by 4 weeks intervals in puppies over 3 months old with an annual booster. For dogs with a higher risk factor (hunting dog or living in a wetland) the recall can be done twice a year.

Distemper in puppies

Infectious and contagious, distemper is widespread throughout the world and one of the common puppy health problems. Very contagious, it is caused by a Paramixovirus transmitted in the air through the secretions of the infected dog. The infection first affects the upper respiratory tract and tonsils. From there the virus reaches different organs through the bloodstream (viraemia).

Parasitic diseases in puppies

The symptoms of distemper are multiple and varied depending on the form in which the disease manifests itself, respiratory form, intestinal form and nervous form. Symptoms common to all 3 forms are a lack of appetite, decreased alertness and high body temperature (over 40 °C).

Respiratory form

This is the most common form of distemper. In addition to the symptoms mentioned above, a dry, irritating cough soon appears followed by a fatty cough with sputum, a runny nose, and conjunctivitis with photophobia (intolerance to light). Secondary bacterial infections causing bronchial pneumonia may also develop.

Intestinal form

Symptoms are acute diarrhea loaded with mucus and sometimes blood. The general condition of the animal may subsequently deteriorate due to an infestation of intestinal parasites or the occurrence of secondary bacterial enteritis.

Nerve form

The last form of the disease to be developed, the nervous form attacks the nervous system.

Vaccination of your puppy will prevent this viral disease.


Although it has become less common in the recent past, rabies is still scary because it is one of the diseases transmissible to humans. The virus is contained in saliva and is spread by bite from an infected animal. As the incubation period is long, a carrier animal may appear healthy. This is why every bite should be taken seriously. Of course, biting and nibbling is quite common in young dogs and does increase risks.

The incubation period lasts 15 to 60 days in dogs (sometimes much longer in humans). As the virus multiplies in the brain, the symptoms of rabies are mainly nervous: salivation, itching, paralysis of the limbs, modification of the voice, swallowing problems, change in behavior (fear, aggressiveness, etc.). To date, there is no effective treatment and your dog will die within 4 to 5 days of the first symptoms.

To prevent your puppy from catching rabies and limit the spread of the disease, you should have your puppy vaccinated at the age of 3 months. The vaccine is given as a single injection with an annual booster and is mandatory under certain conditions.

Intestinal worms in puppies

Parasitic diseases in puppies

Parasitic diseases are common puppy health problems and can take many forms. The following will help you recognize them and react effectively in timely fashion.

Ear mites

Ear mites are very common in dogs, especially in animals living in the community. It is caused by mites (Otodectes cynotis) that live and breed in your puppy’s ear canal. It is transmitted very easily between animals (dog, cat, ferret, etc.).

If your puppy is scratching his ear and shaking his head frantically, the presence of ear mites should be considered. Parasites in the ears cause inflammation which, although initially moderate, can become very severe quickly. A brown or black, dry and crumbly earwax is produced in fairly large quantities. A peculiar smell can also be felt.

The first thing to do is to clean the ear regularly with a product specially designed for dog ears. You will also need to apply an acaricide product (ointment or cream) which should be prescribed by your veterinarian. It is imperative that the treatment be carried out for the duration indicated in order to ensure the eggs that have not yet hatched are killed. We also advise to treat both ears and all other sensitive animals in the house (dogs and cats).

Lyme disease

Lyme disease is caused by the bacteria Borrelia Burgdorferi transmitted by ticks through their bites and is also transmissible to humans and other mammals.

The symptoms of Lyme disease are varied and can appear several months after the bite has infected your puppy. Most of the time, he will have a fever along with other signs such as depression, difficult breathing and anorexia. Your canine companion may also face muscle and joint pain impeding hid motricity. The crises can be fractional and moderate, sometimes barely noticeable by owners. Since the clinical symptoms of Lyme disease are not really standing out, the diagnosis will need to be validated through a blood test at the veterinarian.

The first step is to use preventive treatments against ticks, and even more so for puppies exposed to higher risk environments such as the country or wild areas. Different products exist, such as Frontline, Scalibor or Defendog. They are not guaranteed to be effective, which is why your puppy should always be free from ticks when coming home. Of course, a tick should be removed as soon as it is detected on your puppy.

cute healthy puppy

Intestinal worms in puppies

Common puppy health problems include the infection with various kinds of intestinal worms. Below is a review of the main ones, their potential impacts on your puppy and the suggested treatment (dewormer) to counter these parasites.


The puppy can be infected with Tapeworm (Cipylidium caninum) more commonly known as “tapeworm”. Composed of rings, it can measure several tens of cm. These are passed in your puppy’s stool and are recognizable by their resemblance to white grains of rice.

This worm causes an itchy anus that your puppy will try to relieve by dragging his hindquarters on the ground, this is called the “sled sign”. Contamination can occur through the ingestion of fleas carrying the tapeworm, which is why treatment against it should be accompanied by flea treatment.


These are small white worms found in your puppy’s feces. They are mainly found in puppies and dogs living in communities such as boarding houses and shelters. They pump blood through the walls of the intestine and can cause anemia or even death in dogs when they are numerous.


Roundworms are spaghetti-like white worms and can measure be up to eight inches long! They are routinely found in puppies that are infected in their mother’s womb or through breastfeeding after birth.

Roundworms feed by drawing on the puppy’s reserves and can thus be responsible for vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, weight loss and stunted growth. Be careful, roundworms can be transmitted to humans. Particular care must therefore be taken with children who play with puppies that have not been dewormed.

It is essential to systematically deworm a puppy every month for the first 6 months. Adult dogs should be dewormed twice a year.



Whipworms are 2-4 cm worms that live in the puppy’s intestines. They are easily identified by their shape rolled up at their end (bishop’s butt). They are mostly found in puppies and dogs living in communities (kennels, boarding houses, shelters, breeding farms). They feed on the blood pumped through the wall of the puppy’s intestine and can cause anemia or very painful diarrhea. Whipworms are resistant to certain dewormers. If in doubt, do not hesitate to seek advice from your veterinarian.


It is important to deworm your puppy at at the earliest age possible to avoid contamination by the different types of worms. In case of infection, your puppy may face more or less serious health problems ranging from weight loss, nutritional deficiencies and anemia.

Deworming is an essential preventive treatment that will allow your puppy to kill worms and strengthen his immune system. It will help prevent contamination not only of your puppy but also of your family and other animals living under the same roof.

vaccination for puppies

Deworming instructions

Here are the most important tips for treating your companion:

  • Puppies should be dewormed every 15 days until they are 2 months old and then monthly until 6 months old.
  • Adult dogs should be dewormed at least 4 times a year.
  • Dogs living in a community or living with young children should be dewormed more often.
  • Pregnant bitches should also undergo appropriate deworming.
What are the different types of dewormers?

Medicated dewormers

Like all medications, they must be prescribed by your veterinarian and can have different forms: tablets, pastes, liquid, pipettes, injections.

Natural dewormers

The choice of the product should depend on several parameters: ages, weight, race and lifestyle. Do not hesitate to seek advice from your veterinarian to help in your choice of a natural deworming protocol.

Common puppy health problems: Vaccination is your best friend!

Having your puppy vaccinated will prevent him from developing several health problems. Indeed, most of the most common diseases in dogs have been researched and effective vaccines have been created accordingly. Although they can be expensive, vaccines will save you heavy veterinary fees. However, despite their effectiveness, vaccines cannot unfortunately protect your puppy from all health problems.

sudden death in puppies

These 2 conditions can lead to sudden death in puppies

Your new puppy has just had his first check-up with your veterinarian and your vet detected a heart murmur on auscultation. What is the significance and can it cause sudden death in puppies?

What is an heart murmur?

Before answering this question, it is important to know what a heart murmur is. It is described as an echo that is heard at the same time or following the jerky noise produced by the closing of the valves during the heartbeat. The echo in question is produced by the turbulence of the blood. Normally, the flow of blood is linear, that is, it moves in a straight line, always in the same direction.

In certain circumstances, the linearity of the blood flow is disturbed and is then projected in several directions. For example, in the presence of anemia where there are fewer red blood cells in the system, the blood is clearer and therefore tends to be turbulent. In contrast, during severe dehydration, the blood is thicker and therefore does not circulate well in the blood vessels which will again cause turbulence.

premature death in puppies

Another example is when there is a heart valve that is not tight. In this case, the blood will be forced through the defective valve in the previous compartment which will again cause turbulence. The same phenomenon applies when there is a defect in the heart or when the heart muscle does not contract normally.

It is also possible to hear a heart murmur that is not associated with any abnormalities. We then speak of physiological or benign murmur. This one is very common in growing dogs. When the murmur is associated with a functional or structural cardiac abnormality, it is referred to as a pathological murmur.

Gradation of heart murmurs

Heart murmurs are graded from I to VI. Each grade represents the intensity of the breath. Grade I is associated with a very low intensity murmur, heard in one place only. The higher the grade, the more easily the murmur is audible wherever the heart is heard.

In a grade VI murmur, it is audible even with the stethoscope removed from the chest wall. However, it is very important to know that the intensity of the murmur is not associated with the severity of the injury. So a grade VI murmur does not represent a higher risk of sudden death in puppies. This is because a dog with a very serious heart problem may have a grade I / VI murmur while a dog with a grade VI / VI murmur may have a minor injury.

The gradation scale is useful to allow, in some cases, to differentiate between physiological murmurs which are always less than the IV/VI range in intensity and pathological murmurs which can be of any intensity. Veterinarians also use the gradation scale to communicate with each other in a systematic way about a case and also to monitor the evolution of the intensity of a murmur over time.

Gradation of heart murmurs in puppies

Benign or pathological murmur

When a murmur is auscultated in a 6 month old dog or younger, it is important to try to determine whether it is a benign or pathological murmur since for this age group a murmur is the first manifestation of most congenital heart abnormalities. Screening such conditions at a young age can allow to correct this defect and thus provide a normal life expectancy while the same lesion, if not detected, can lead to heart failure and sudden death in puppies.

For abnormalities that cannot be corrected and have a poor prognosis, immediate detection may allow the dog owner to understand that a serious problem exists as opposed to discovering it in a an emergency situation where there is possible cardiac decompensation.

There are differences between physiological and pathological murmurs which sometimes allow us to distinguish them, but there is also a large gray area between the two categories, which often makes the cause of the murmur unclear. The diagnostic process can then be tackled in two different ways, either a complete evaluation including ultrasound or a reassessment by auscultation no more than 3 weeks later. If the murmur goes away at that time, it is likely that the cause is physiological and there is no need to further investigate. On the other hand, if it persists, it is strongly advised to perform a full assessment.

Benign or pathological murmur

Congenital ventricular arrhythmia: another risk of sudden death in puppies

Congenital ventricular arrhythmia, sometimes called congenital ventricular ectopia, is a particular form of inherited heart rhythm disorder which has been observed in breeds suchs as the German Shepherd but the mode of genetic transmission is currently unknown.

Dogs show no clinical signs but die prematurely, typically in his night’s sleep or while resting. Death usually occurs around the age of 4 to 18 months.

Stabilization of arrhythmias

Arrhythmia is rarely present before the age of 12 weeks. It progresses gradually up to 24 to 30 weeks. Depending on the dog’s condition, we can observe the following:

Congenital ventricular arrhythmia in puppies

  • Worsening of arrhythmias up to sudden death in puppies
  • A decrease in arrhythmias which can go until they disappear after 18 months

Congenital ventricular arrhythmia is still poorly understood. When this condition was originally detected in United States, four families of German Shepherds with the same common ancestor were identified. Subsequently, other cases were diagnosed, especially in the US and great Britain.

Diagnosis of congenital ventricular arrhythmia is a challenge

In the absence of clinical signs, the diagnosis is particularly delicate. A suspicion is possible if a cardiac arrhythmia is evidenced by auscultation. But the arrhythmia is most often very intermittent. For the same reasons, the results of a routine EKG are often times not showing anything abnormal and in severe cases, it may show ventricular abnormalities.

A Holter exam is often required to identify the abnormality (but it can also go unnoticed). The biological, radiographic and echocardiographic examinations of these dogs can also return normal results.

Stabilization of arrhythmias

Treatment for congenital ventricular arrhythmia

There is currently no satisfactory medical treatment that can be used on a consistent basis. Some treatments can only partially control the situation and allow the dog to pass the 18 month period, beyond which the prognosis is generally more favorable.